Romania's Sustainable Development Strategy
Romania must change its current development paradigm if it is to face the challenges of the 21st century. We live in an age defined by globalisation, rising inequalities, and increasing environmental degradation. The solution is Sustainable Development. Romania’s Sustainable Development Strategy takes on this challenge and seeks to help guide Romania in its transition towards a more sustainable future
Romania, as a member of the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU), has adopted the 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The 2030 Agenda was adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit though UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/70/1. The European Council endorsed this Agenda in “A Sustainable European Future: The EU Response to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” on 20 June 2017. The Council’s document represents the political document to which the member states have committed themselves, setting the direction EU member states should follow in their task of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
This strategy defines Romania’s national framework for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, providing a roadmap for achieving the 17 SDGs. This strategy promotes the sustainable development of Romania by focusing on Sustainable Development’s three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. This strategy is citizen-centred and focuses on innovation, optimism, resilience, and the belief that the role of the state is to serve the needs of each citizen in a fair, efficient, and balanced manner, all within a clean environment.
About the Department of Sustainable Development
In 2015, the UN General Assembly in New York adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Through this document, the UN provided a universal agenda with a set of 17 clear and quantifiable goals. This road-map aims to guide countries to eradicate extreme poverty, combat inequality, and to protect our planet, to name just a few – and this is to be achieved by 2030.
For Romania to implement both the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as well as the European Union’s strategy for Sustainable Development, the Government has established a Department of Sustainable Development through Government Decision 313/2017. This Department functions as part of the Prime Minister’s Office and is financed by the General Secretary of the Government. Currently, the Department of Sustainable Development is coordinated by State Councilor László Borbély, and has the following duties:
- To coordinate the activities surrounding the implementation of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
- To coordinate and to implement the integration of data regarding Sustainable Development from the various governmental institutions dealing with this matter.
- To report to the Government on the process of formulating and implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Romania and to coordinate the process of localizing and prioritizing the relevant parts of the 2030 Agenda.
- To monitor the European Union’s, the UN’s, and Romania’s own set of indicators that deal with Sustainable Development. The Romanian indicator set considers any disparities.
- To propose potential adjustments of the goals at the national level, taking into account the specific needs, but also the evolving EU Directives.
- To represent the department vis-à-vis ministries, local and regional public authorities, and local and foreign businesses/NGOs/Citizens.